Two Types of Knowledge
Mention is made in the Hadis Sayings and oral instructions of the Prophet Muhammad of two distinct sources of knowledge commonly accepted in Islam: Ilmi-Safina or knowledge of the book, and Ilm-i-Sinah or knowledge of the heart. The same idea occurs in the teaching of The Voice of the Silence, a theosophical classic about the spiritual life, which distinguishes between the Doctrine of the Head, which is exoteric knowledge, and the Doctrine of the Heart, esoteric wisdom. The former refers to the intellectual apprehension of religious teachings, while the latter implies a transformative perception of underlying laws and principles, making the seeker a co-worker with the Divine.
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